16 + Years Old. An estimate of the population that is of working age for statistical purposes. Generally, employment statistics reported by the BLS assume that civilian, non-institutionalized individuals 16 years of age or more comprise working age population.
25-54 Years Old. This age group comprises the segment of the population that is of prime working age in BLS employment statistics.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Air Quality Index (AQI) rates air quality using six categories. They are listed below by level of health concern:
Good. Air quality is considered satisfactory, and air pollution poses little or no risk.
Moderate. Air quality is acceptable; however, for some pollutants there may be a moderate health concern for a very small number of people. For example, people who are unusually sensitive to ozone may experience respiratory symptoms.
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups. Although general public is not likely to be affected at this AQI range, people with lung disease, older adults, and children are at a greater risk from exposure to ozone, whereas persons with heart and lung disease, older adults, and children are at greater risk from the presence of particles in the air.
Unhealthy. Everyone may begin to experience some adverse health effects, and members of the sensitive groups may experience more serious effects.
Very Unhealthy. An Air Quality reading that would trigger a health alert signifying that everyone may experience more serious health effects.
ACS is an ongoing survey that provides data every year as a supplement to the decennial census. ACS produces one-year, three-year, and five-year estimates. One year estimates represent 12 months of collected data for areas with a population of 65,000 or more. Three year estimates collect 36 months of data from areas with a population of 20,000 or more. Five year estimates collect 60 months of data for all areas.
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.
The Arts, Humanities and Other category for field of degree includes the following: literature and languages, English, foreign language and literature, Spanish, liberal arts, history philosophy, theology, American history, visual and performing arts interior design, dance, voice communications, mass communications, journalism, public relations, other public administration, pre-law, kinesiology.
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Total number of airline seats available annually.
Average price per kilowatt hour for electricity in U.S. Dollars.
The BRFSS is a system of health-related telephone surveys that collect state and local level data about U.S. residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. The survey is administered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Public Health Surveillance and Informatics Program Office.
This is the number of bike miles per 10,000 residents available in a city. Total bike miles includes on-street bike lanes, signed bike routes, and multi-use paths. Multi-use paths allow for other non-vehicle activities such as walking, running, and horse-back riding. The Alliance for Biking & Walking publishes the “Bicycling and Walking in the United States Benchmarking Report” every two years, providing data on miles of bike lanes, signed bike routes, and multi-use paths for select geographies across the country.
A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as “Black, African Am., or Negro” or report entries such as African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.
The Business category for field of degree includes the following: business administration, accounting, and human resources development.
Businesses growth reflects changes in the number of establishments. Estimates of business starts, expansions, contractions, and closures come from Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB), which is an annual dataset maintained by the U.S. Census Bureau. These data cover businesses that generate most of the country's economic activity. The data exclude non-employer businesses, private households, railroads, agricultural production, and most government entities.
The category, “Carpooled,” includes workers who reported that two or more people usually rode to work in the vehicle during the reference week.
Establishment closures are establishments that have positive employment in the first quarter of the initial year and zero employment in the first quarter of the subsequent year.
Establishment contractions are establishments that have positive first quarter employment in both the initial and subsequent years and decrease employment during the time period between the first quarter of the initial year and the first quarter of the subsequent year.
The cost of living is measured by the Regional Price Parities (RPPs) which compare prices and living expenses across states and MSAs on a wide variety of items, including housing, food, and healthcare. The cost of living measure compares how expensive it is to live in one city or state versus another, allowing one to measure the monetary cost of maintaining a particular standard of living in various locations. (See also Regional Price Parities)
Creative occupations are those that require high levels of creative thinking and are engaged in the creation of new ideas, technologies, and expressions. These are divided into two sub-groups: the super creative core and creative professionals. Occupations within each sub-group are listed by the Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) system (see Occupations).
Super Creative Core
Computer and mathematical occupations
Architecture and engineering occupations
Life, physical, and social science occupations
Education, training, and library occupations
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations
Business and financial operations occupations
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations
The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program provides data on both property crimes (burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson) as well as violent crimes (murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault).
Aggravated Assault. An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.
Burglary. The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. Attempted forcible entry is included.
Forcible Rape. The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Rapes by force and attempts or assaults to rape, regardless of the age of the victim, are included. Statutory offenses (no force used―victim under age of consent) are excluded.
Larceny. The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. Examples are thefts of bicycles, motor vehicle parts and accessories, shoplifting, pocket-picking, or the stealing of any property or article that is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Attempted larcenies are included. Embezzlement, confidence games, forgery, check fraud, etc., are excluded.
Motor Vehicle Theft. The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle is self-propelled and runs on land surface and not on rails. Motorboats, construction equipment, airplanes, and farming equipment are specifically excluded from this category.
Murder & Non-negligent Manslaughter. The willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another. Manslaughter by negligence: the killing of another person through gross negligence.
Robbery. The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
Total number of airline departures daily.
Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working.
Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body's ability to produce and/or use insulin.
The category, “Drove alone,” includes people who usually drove alone to work as well as people who were driven to work by someone who then drove back home or to a non-work destination.
The Education category for field of degree includes the following: early childhood education, higher education administration, special education; includes early childhood, higher, and special education including educational administration.
Teach students basic academic, social, and other formative skills in public or private schools at the elementary level. This is part of the major occupational group 25 - Education, Training, and Library. Substitute teachers are included in "Teachers and Instructors, All other" (25-3099). Excludes "Special Education Teachers" (25-2050).
Employment by industry reflects the number of jobs at establishments located within an area broken out by industry classification (see Industry).
Employment share reflects the percent of jobs an industry sector has compared to total employment. This can indicate which industries dominate the employment mix for that area. See Industry for a list of the industries included.
An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted or where services or industrial operation are performed. It is not necessarily identical with a company or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more. When two or more activities are conducted at a single location under a single ownership, all activities are generally grouped together as a single establishment and classified on the basis of its major activity. Establishment counts represent the number of locations with paid employees.
Establishment expansions are establishments that have positive first quarter employment in both the initial and subsequent years and increase employment during the time period between the first quarter of the initial year and the first quarter of the subsequent year.
A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her family. A family household may contain people not related to the householder, but those people are not included as part of the householder's family in census tabulations.
A family that does not include children living in the household who are under the age of 18.
A family with a never-married child under 18 years who is a son or daughter by birth, a stepchild, or an adopted child of the householder. In certain tabulations, own children are further classified as living with two parents or with one parent only. Own children of the householder living with two parents are by definition found only in married-couple families.
The term civilian employee means all appointive positions in an executive agency (5 U.S.C. 105). It does not refer to private contractors hired by the agencies. (5 CFR 792.210)
Federal Military is defined as the Armed forces of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. The uniformed services means the armed forces, the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service, and the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (5 USC 2101).
Federal recreational land is broadly defined as consisting of Type A, B and C federal lands open and accessible to recreation either by fee or free of charge. Type A includes lands such as National Park Service, Fish and Wildlife Service; Type B includes wilderness areas; Type C includes Bureau of Land Management and Forest Service lands as well as Oregon and California Revested Grant lands (OLM).
A family with a female householder and no spouse of householder present.
Total direct airline flights per day.
Gross domestic product (GDP) provides important information on the value of goods and services produced by labor and property located in a geographic area during a period of time. It is also one key measure of income flows to factors of production, like labor and capital. After adjustment for inflation it tells us how economic output is growing (or not) over time. It also provides key information on the industrial mix of regions, so that we know what sectors are larger or smaller. (See also Industry)
This reflects data on the percentage of individuals with or without health insurance, and for those that are insured, what type of insurance (private or public). Health insurance coverage data are from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS). These estimates encompass the civilian non-institutionalized population, which excludes active duty military personnel and the population living in correctional facilities and nursing homes.
Coronary heart disease develops when the major blood vessels that supply the heart with blood, oxygen, and nutrients (coronary arteries) become damaged or diseased over time. Cholesterol-containing deposits (plaque) in your arteries and inflammation are usually to blame. When plaque builds up, it narrows the coronary arteries, decreasing blood flow to the heart. Eventually, the decreased blood flow may cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other signs and symptoms. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack.
Hispanic or Latino refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. The terms “Hispanic,” “Latino,” and “Spanish” are used interchangeably. Some respondents identify with all three terms while others may identify with only one of these three specific terms.
A household includes all people who occupy a housing unit as their usual place of residence. There are two categories of households - family and nonfamily. Family housholds consist of a householder and one or more people related by birth, marriage, or adoption. Along with related family members, family households can also include unrelated people who share the housing unit. A person living alone or a group of unrelated people sharing a housing unit, such as roommates, are a nonfamily household.
Housing affordability is calculated for a given area based on two major components: income and housing cost. The methodology used on the MAP Dashboard comes from the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) and includes using annual median family income estimates, assuming that a family can afford to spend 28 percent of its gross income on housing (which includes mortgage, taxes, and insurance). Monthly sales transaction records are used to determine the sales price of sold homes. Affordability is presented as the share of new and existing homes sold in an area that a household earning the median family income can afford.
Housing cost burden reflects the percentage households that pay greater than 30% of their income on housing costs, including utilities.
Hub airports have a considerably higher number of annual seats per capita and departures per day in order to accommodate connecting passengers.
Industry Total. Aggregate total including all industries.
Natural Resources & Mining. The Natural Resources and Mining supersector is part of the goods-producing industries. The natural resources and mining supersector consists of the following sectors: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (NAICS 11); Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction (NAICS 21).
Construction. The Construction sector (NAICS 23) comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of buildings or engineering projects (e.g., highways and utility systems). Establishments primarily engaged in the preparation of sites for new construction and establishments primarily engaged in subdividing land for sale as building sites also are included in this sector.
Manufacturing. The Manufacturing sector (NAICS 31-33) comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products. Establishments in the Manufacturing sector are often described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment.
Trade, Transportation & Utilities. The Trade, Transportation, and Utilities supersector is part of the service-providing industries. The trade, transportation, and utilities supersector consists of these four sectors: Wholesale Trade (NAICS 42), Retail Trade (NAICS 44-45), Transportation and Warehousing (NAICS 48-49), and Utilities (NAICS 22).
Information. The information sector (NAICS 51) comprises establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing and distributing information and cultural products, (b) providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and (c) processing data. The main components of this sector are the publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; Web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries.
Financial Activities. The financial activities supersector is part of the service-providing industries. The financial activities supersector consists of: Finance and Insurance (NAICS 52) and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (NAICS 53). The Finance and Insurance sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in financial transactions (transactions involving the creation, liquidation, or change in ownership of financial assets) and/or in facilitating financial transactions. The Real Estate and Rental and Leasing sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting, leasing, or otherwise allowing the use of tangible or intangible assets, and establishments providing related services.
Professional & Business Services. The professional and business services supersector is part of the service-providing industries. The professional and business services supersector consists of these sectors: Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (NAICS 54); Management of Companies and Enterprises (NAICS 55); and Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services (NAICS 56).
Education & Health. The education and health services supersector is part of the service-providing industries. The education and health services supersector consists of these two sectors: Educational Services (NAICS 61) and Health Care and Social Assistance (NAICS 62).
Leisure & Hospitality. The leisure and hospitality supersector is part of the service-providing industries. The leisure and hospitality supersector consists of these two sectors: Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation (NAICS 71) and Accommodation and Food Services (NAICS 72).
Other Services. Other Services (except Public Administration), NAICS 81, comprises establishments engaged in providing services not specifically provided for elsewhere in the classification system. Establishments in this sector are primarily engaged in activities, such as equipment and machinery repairing, promoting or administering religious activities, grant making, advocacy, and providing dry cleaning and laundry services, personal care services, death care services, pet care services, photofinishing services, temporary parking services, and dating services.
Government. Government comprises federal, state, and local government employees including state and local education. Most sources of employment data list federal civilian employees but not armed forces employees.
A KWh is a measure of energy equal to one kilowatt of energy for one hour and a commonly used measure by electricity providers.
The labor force participation rate is calculated by dividing the total number of people in the labor force by the total population. The labor force includes both the employed and the unemployed who are actively seeking work.
A family with a male householder and no spouse of householder present.
A margin of error is the difference between an estimate and its upper or lower confidence bounds. Confidence bounds can be created by adding the margin of error to the estimate (for an upper bound) and subtracting the margin of error from the estimate (for a lower bound). All published margins of error for the American Community Survey are based on a 90 percent confidence level.
A family in which the householder and his or her spouse are listed as members of the same household.
Mean commute time (in minutes) is the average travel time that workers usually took to get from home to work (one way) during the reference week.
The median age is the age at the midpoint of the population. Half of the population is older than the median age and half of the population is younger.
This includes the income of the householder and all other individuals 15 years and older in the household for those households that have one or more people related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. Median family income is a subset of median household income in that it includes only households that have people related by birth, marriage or adoption and is typically higher than median household income. The median divides the income distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median income and one-half above the median. See also: Households
Median home price represents the sale price of existing single-family homes for which half the homes sold for more and half for less.
This includes the income of the householder and all other individuals 15 years and older residing in the household, whether they are related to the householder or not. Because many households consist of only one person, median household income is usually less than median family income. The median divides the income distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median income and one-half above the median. See also: Households
The median divides the income distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median income and one-half above the median.
Teach students in one or more subjects in public or private schools at the middle, intermediate, or junior high level, which falls between elementary and senior high school as defined by applicable laws and regulations. This is part of the major occupational group 25 - Education, Training, and Library. Substitute teachers are included in "Teachers and Instructors, All other" (25-3099). Excludes "Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School” (25-2023) and "Special Education Teachers" (25-2050).
A metropolitan statistical area (MSA) delineates a local labor market, using counties as the basic building blocks. It consists of a core county (or counties) which contain a large population concentration (urbanized area or city), along with contiguous counties that share a high degree of economic integration with the core. Economic integration is measured by flows of residents commuting to work. Each metropolitan statistical area must contain an urbanized area with at least 50,000 residents.
A bikeway physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or barrier and either within the right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way. Shared use paths may also be used by pedestrians and other non-motorized users.
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is an industry classification system designed to group business establishments based on the similarity of their production processes. It is used by federal statistical agencies in collecting, analyzing, and publishing information on businesses. It was adopted in 1997 to replace the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system and was developed to facilitate comparability for business statistics among the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. It includes people who indicate their race as “Native Hawaiian,” “Guamanian or Chamorro,” “Samoan,” and “Other Pacific Islander” or provide other detailed Pacific Islander responses.
Net metering is a system that allows consumers that have solar panels or other renewable energy generators to reduce their utility purchases and sell energy they are not using back to a utility. Net metering is one way that electricity consumers are reducing their overall energy costs. Household that participate in net metering typically generate energy through personal solar collection, but may also use other means, such as wind, hydroelectric, or virtual solar.
Weight that is higher than what is considered as a healthy weight for a given height is described as overweight or obese. Body Mass Index, or BMI, is used as a screening tool for overweight or obesity and is calculated by a persons weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. A BMI of 18.5 to <25 is considered normal, a BMI of 25 to <30 is considered overweight, and a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics collects survey data on wages by occupation and industry and reports this data annually as Occupational Employment Statistics (OES). The OES data include detailed employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations and industries. (See Occupations)
Occupational employment and wage data are grouped by the Standard Occupational Classification System. Here are the major occupational groups with a brief description:
11 - Management. This major group consists of managers who plan, direct, and coordinate the activities of establishments in any occupational (total private/ or total nonfarm?) group. This includes managers of: operations, marketing, public relations, human resources, advertising, finance, hotels, restaurants, etc.
13 - Business and Financial Operations. This major group consists of occupations engaged in business and financial occupations. Examples include financial specialists, management and budget analysts, event planners, agents, buyers, claims adjusters, real estate assessors, human resources specialists, and accountants.
15 - Computer and Mathematical. This major group comprises occupations in computer and mathematical categories. Examples include computer programmers, research scientists, network/database administrators, mathematicians, statisticians, software/web developers, and computer/ technical support specialists.
17 - Architecture and Engineering. This major group consists of occupations in Architectural and Engineering categories. Examples include architects, landscape architects, surveyors, cartographers, engineers, and drafters.
19 - Life, Physical, and Social Science. This major group consists of Life, Physical and Social Science Occupations such as biologists, ecologists, zoologists, biochemists, conservation/plant/soil scientists, and foresters.
21 - Community and Social Service. This major group consists of Community and Social Service occupations such as mental health counselors, social workers, guidance counselors, substance abuse counselors, clergy, health educators, probation officers, and other social service specialists.
23 - Legal. This major group consists of occupations in Legal professions. Examples include lawyers, legal assistants, paralegals, law clerks, judges, court reporters, and title examiners.
25 - Education, Training, and Library. This major group consists of Education, Training and Library and related occupations. Examples include: elementary, middle, secondary and post-secondary teachers, adult educators, teaching assistants, librarians, curators, and archivists.
27 - Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media. This major group consists of Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media occupations. Examples include fine artists, animators, graphic/floral/interior designers, multimedia artists, set/exhibit designers, and art directors.
29 - Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations. This major group consists of Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations. Examples include physicians, nurses, veterinarians, physical/occupational/recreational therapists, nutritionists, EMTs, and laboratory technicians.
31 - Healthcare Support. This major group consists of Healthcare Support occupations. Examples include medical/dental/veterinary assistants, massage therapists, home health aides, veterinary assistances, and other healthcare support workers.
33 - Protective Service. This major group consists of Protective Service occupations. Examples include police officers, firefighters, security guards, lifeguards, ski patrol workers, animal control workers, game wardens, transportation security screeners, and other recreational protective service workers.
35 - Food Preparation and Serving Related. This major group consists of Food Preparation and Serving Related occupations. Examples include cooks, bartenders, food service workers, caterers, dishwashers, host/ hostesses and first line-supervisors of food preparation, and serving related occupations.
37 - Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance. This major group consists of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance occupations. Examples include janitorial workers, housekeepers, cleaners, building cleaning workers, landscapers, pest control workers, tree trimmers and pruners, and other maintenance workers.
39 - Personal Care and Service. This major group consists of Personal Care and Service related occupations. Examples include hairstylists, fitness trainers, ushers, childcare worker/nannies, recreation workers, travel/wilderness/river raft/kayak guides, nonfarm animal caretaker/trainers, and other personal care and service workers.
41 - Sales and Related. This major group consists of Sales and Related occupations. Examples include First line supervisors of retail and non-retail sales workers, cashiers, gaming/ casino change persons and booth cashiers, manufacturing, real estate, and other sales professions.
43 - Office and Administrative Support. This major group consists of Office and Administrative Support occupations. Examples include financial, billing, file and mail clerks, bookkeepers, tellers, receptionists, administrative assistants, data entry processors, library assistants, and legal secretaries.
45 - Farming, Fishing, and Forestry. This major group consists of Farming, Fishing and Forestry and related occupations. Examples include farm, greenhouse, fishing and forestry workers, agricultural and inspection workers, loggers, equipment operators, and animal breeders.
47 - Construction and Extraction. This major group consists of Construction and Extraction related occupations. Examples include construction trade and extraction workers, masons, carpenters, electricians, pipefitters, building inspectors, construction and mining equipment repairers, and electronics installers.
49 - Installation, Maintenance, and Repair. This major group consists of Installation, Maintenance and Repair related occupations. Examples include mechanics, installers and repairers of computer and automated equipment, office machines, radio and cellular towers and other commercial and industrial equipment repair workers.
51 - Production. This major group consists of Production workers across numerous occupations. Examples include manufacturing workers such as assemblers, machinists, textile workers, woodworkers, and plant operators. It also includes production workers in other sectors such as arts, education and accommodations such as photo processors, welders, printing workers, bakers, and butchers.
53 - Transportation and Material Moving. This major group consists of Transportation and Material Moving occupations such as drivers of trucks, buses, taxis, ambulances. It also includes workers engaged in transportation broadly defined such as material movers, heavy tractor trailer truck drivers, air traffic controllers, pilots, flight attendants, shipping engineers, bridge and lock tenders, and railway workers.
This is a portion of a roadway which has been designated by striping, signing, and pavement markings for the preferential or exclusive use of bicyclists.
Includes all other responses not included in the “White,” “Black or African American,” “American Indian or Alaska Native,” “Asian,” and “Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander” race categories described above.
The rate of patents per 10,000 workers is computed from the total number of utility patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office and total nonfarm employment reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. Utility patents are issued for the invention of a “new process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter” and grants the owner exclusive right to sell the invention for a period of up to 20 years. Utility patents are distinguished from others by providing some specific, substantial, and credible utility.
Poor mental health days is based on survey responses to the question: "Thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?" See also Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).
Poor physical health days is based on survey responses to the question: "Thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during the past 30 days was your physical health not good?" See also Behavioral Risk Factor Surveilland System (BRFSS).
Poverty rates are from U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) three-year estimates. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, a family is considered below the poverty level if their annual household income falls below a threshold that is based on annual income, age, and family size. For example, the poverty threshold for a family of five with three related children under 18 years in 2011 was $26,844.
This indicator deals with the rate of crime in a metropolitan area. See Crime for description of types of crime included.
The category, “Public transportation,” includes workers who used a bus or trolley bus, streetcar or trolley car, subway or elevated, railroad, or ferryboat, even if each mode is not shown separately in the tabulation.
Regional Price Parities (RPPs) measure the differences in the price levels of goods and services across states and metropolitan areas for a given year. They are expressed as a percentage of the overall national price level for each year, which is equal to 100.0. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) calculates RPPs using data gathered for use in the Consumer Price Index. Major categories include housing, food, transportation, and education. Rent data and owner equivalent costs collected from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey are also used in the construction of the RPPs. (See also Cost of Living)
The science and engineering category for field of degree includes the following: computers, mathematics and statistics, computer science, mathematics, general statistics, biological, agricultural, and environmental sciences, cellular and molecular biology, soil sciences, natural resource management, physical and related sciences, physics, organic chemistry, astronomy, psychology, counseling, child psychology, social sciences, criminology, sociology, political science, engineering, chemical engineering, thermal engineering, electrical engineering, multidisciplinary studies, nutritional science, cognitive science, and behavioral science.
The science and engineering related category for field of degree includes the following: pre-med, physical therapy, mechanical engineering technology.
Total number of available airline seats annually divided by 365.
Teach students in one or more subjects, such as English, mathematics, or social studies at the secondary level in public or private schools. May be designated according to subject matter specialty. This is part of the major occupational group 25 - Education, Training, and Library. Substitute teachers are included in "teachers and instructors, all other" (25-3099). This category excludes "career/technical education teachers, secondary school" (25-2032) and "special education teachers" (25-2050).
This is a shared road-way which has been designated by signing as a preferred route for bicycle use.
Establishment starts are establishments that have zero employment in the first quarter of the initial year and positive employment in the first quarter of the subsequent year.
This category includes all persons paid for personal services performed in the indicated pay period, including any persons in a paid leave status. Employees who have multiple responsibilities are reported once at the functional classification which is their primary responsibility. Contractors and their employees are excluded.
The category, “Other means,” includes workers who used a mode of travel that is not identified separately within the data distribution.
The teen birth rate represents the number of live births to mothers 15 to 19 years of age per 1,000 females.
This category includes wage and salary employment for all sectors. Farm employment, private household employment, and self-employment are excluded.
This category includes employees of private establishments within 13 major industry sectors from which Current Employment Survey data are collected. This category represents total nonfarm employment less government employment.
Distance of bicycle facilities scaled to area in square miles.
People may choose to provide two or more races either by checking two or more race response check boxes, by providing multiple responses, or by some combination of checked boxes, and other responses.
A Utility is an electric power company engaged in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity. Utilities are often natural monopolies and therefore regulated by the government to ensure adequate service and fair pricing.
This indicator reflects the percent of eligible voters by state who voted in the most recent presidential election.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics collects survey data on wages by occupation and industry and reports this data annually as their Occupational Employment Statistics (OES). The OES data includes detailed employment and wage data for over 800 occupations and industries. Wages are compensation received from working and do not include fringe benefits or other sources of income such as interest, bonuses, dividends, and rents.
90/10 Wage Gap Ratio. A measure of wage differential between a worker at the 90th percentile (90% earn less than) of income distribution and the 10th percentile (10% earn less than) of income distribution.
Wages are compensation received from working and do not include fringe benefits or other sources of income such as interest, bonuses, dividends, and rents.
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as “White” or report entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian.
Includes people who reported White and no other race group and did not report being of Hispanic origin.
Individuals who reported working from home.
This reflects the share of the population age 25-64 with a Bachelor’s degree or better. The population age 25-64 includes employed residents, as well as residents that are unemployed, and those that have left the labor force.